enterprise resource planning (ERP)

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Definition
Accounting oriented, relational database based, multi-module but integrated, software system for identifying and planning the resource needs of an enterprise. ERP provides one user-interface for the entire organization to manage product planning, materials and parts purchasing, inventory control, distribution and logistics, production scheduling, capacity utilization, order tracking, as well as planning for finance and human resources. It is an extension of the manufacturing resource planning (MRP-II). Also called enterprise requirement planning.